Penru-The Hibernation Roost of Bats in Countryside — Shri Gijum Tali, DIPRO,West Siang Dist, Aalo

Penru-The Hibernation Roost of Bats in Countryside
—– By Shri Gijum Tali
District information & Public Relation officer
West Siang Dist, Aalo.

Aalo, Sept 12: Penru, a hibernation roost for bats near Larmuk Potom village, 9 km away from Darak Circle in West Siang district is one of the largest and deepest homes of the flying mammals. Though such roost are located in many places like Poyom, Kunuyami and other villages but the roost caved deep in the rocky hillock near Larmuk Potom is famous through the ages to witness fluttering of bats through the evening sky in such a huge quantity even obstructing passersby and dropping into houses in plenty in those olden days. These bats were seen at their playful best in large number just after the sunset from the month of March to October. It was total hibernation in winter as few bats were seen flying around perhaps for food, drink and rehydrate using a combination of echolocation and receptor to navigate the winter nights and spine chilling cold wave that use to sweep that particular location. Though the population of the bats has dwindled drastically over the years, Penru at Larmuk Potom still shelters the black species of these flying mammals today also.
The recent visit to Penru by a team dragged our memories to drift down the memory lanes, a nostalgic childhood reminiscences of playing with bats with bamboo sticks and many bats were smashed down, pocketed and brought home, interestingly measuring our calibre on the basis of number bats killed by each child. Our infancies knew nothing about love for animals and birds and just derived pleasantest things playing with the lives of playful bats. These flying mammals use too loom large after sunset of a bright sunshine when flying insects from the holes of the soil use to come out in large quantities after preceded by rainfall for few days. The evening sky was crowded with flies and bats and that was the moment the children of our age groups used to venture out as third party to interfere in the predator-prey war.
Sadly, rare species and rich varieties of mammals, animals, birds and fishes have diminished from our ecosystem to dislodge the balance of nature. Deforestation in large scale in the name jhum cultivation for sustenance, logs for infrastructure and fire woods for domestic uses has destroyed the natural homes of the animals and birds. But then we still have places of interests associated with tribal might and mythologies nestled in the bosom of nature in utter solitude. We are unique in the sense that we still delve into our rich culture, folklores, folktales, myth and mythologies and other age old values through orally transmitted literature handed down to us by our forefathers from generation to generation in the absence of written literature.
What we want today is ecotourism to unearth such places of interests and open up trekking tracks to promote adventure tourism in the countryside too. We had enough of wayside amenities in the name of promoting tourism to present a sad picture as many of such assets are kept unused, turning into a places of nuisances and made to rot barring few Resorts like PP Tourist Guest House on the left bank of Yomgo River at Aalo and other such assets in other districts. The tiny Darak Circle offers one such potential Walking Track touching Benji Liine, proposed Yordi Rube Subse Wild Life Sanctuary, Penru, Bebe Liine and as we transcend down it is two hours drive to visit Topo Gone and Sirurijo under Yomcha Subdivision. It will be best of interest if Department of Tourism is armed with such imaginative blueprint to explore the places of tourist interest in the countryside too.
The ambitious schemes placed by Aalo Forest Division at Bahadur Hill and right Banks of Yomgo at Paya village is an encouraging trend towards promotion of ecotourism to open up adventurous tourism avenues for domestic and foreign tourists who love to trek living with beauties of nature. Today health conscious people want open spaces to trek and fresh air to breathe than to walk in the busy townships streets only to gather dust and smokes.

UNEMPLOYMENT: A Cause and Minimization through Placements—– ShriDasher Teshi (Dy. Director IPR)

Unemployment, mean jobless or want of work or offer to work but no works available as per academic qualification. In case of unemployment, availability of requisite persons with degrees or diplomas for the job but no jobs are available, according to qualification which can well be termed as Unemployment and under employment. In fact, in general understanding this unemployment is a social status of employable youths having no earning through employment and in true sense it is an economic status of employable youth.
To eradicate disease or epidemic is possible on advancement of medical science. Now epidemic like cholera, small pox and others have been controlled. Same is the case of Leprosy and polio which has almost been controlled and diseases like Malaria, Tuberculosis and Cancer are on table to be contained or controlled. Even, it is expected that other diseases like dysentery and measles are on the list of controlled diseases if medical science strike in its research. If no definite result is made, a preventive measures with minimization of magnitude of such diseases is hoped so.
To draw a policy line to control or eradicate social evil transferred from generation to generation is a hard task but in long *** such evils whether it is a kind of legacy can be removed through light of knowledge and reformation since education is ultimate wisdom to reckon with. True to education and thereby in transforming economy one thing that can hardly be avoided is present day modern economy where education begets unemployment and in modern day society it is an evil as product of education. There is no solution to eradicate unemployment except minimization through effective employment base education and economic measures.
Hunger, starvation, malnutrition are sum amount of glimpse of social and economic condition of underprivileged society and is a result of no means to fulfil their hunger and is result ofjoblessness to learn livelihood and lowest stratum people are to face the brunt of such social and economic conditions and thereby hunger starvation and malnutrition take human toll due to poor nutritional management as a result of poor economic condition.
The terminology, unemployment in Arunachal is widely used among youths in various fields. There are lot of unemployed organisations in various fields viz. civil, electrical, electronic, veterinary, agriculture, horticulture, tourism, medical and general degree holder of science arts commerce etc. Truly unemployment is a grim situation in Arunachal since youths entirely depends on government jobs. All the statesincluding Arunachal Pradesh that falls under small state category having no industries, factories and employable estates to look after the employment of youths, such state can hardly take the risk.
The state Governor must have realised this grim unemployment situation and has constituted a committee to examine and formulate for employment generation. The drawn members from various institutes like North Eastern Regional Institute of Science and Technology, Nirjuli, National Institute of Technology,Yupia and Rajiv Gandhi UniversityRono Hill, Doimukh are working on scope of job, placement of youths through their institutes. Of course, there is no dearth of job for tribal youths of the state but willingness to work differs among the youths. The youths seems to have deep family bonds and home seek plays a vital role in their life. Even if they get job through placements or own efforts and posted outside, they use to come back and relist themselves as unemployed. Jobplacement is a common but effective programme of present day technical institutes, and what the students can do is to smart themselves to the opportunity provided though such colleges and institutes.
Realization to be born among the youths in their mind to opt employment opportunities in arm forces, Indian Navy, Air Forces, Para Military Forces, BRTF, Railways, and other public sector undertakings and companies/industries where jobs are available but employable numbers are not sufficiently available. Even after repeated advertisements youths hardly apply for jobs in Indian Navy and Air Force, Army and Para Military Forces.
The committee on placement have identified that a permanent cell should be created in identified institutes with a permanent professor and budgetary allocation to committee on placement to enhance the employability skills in colleges, create awareness on placement activities, improve students quality at feeder levels by adaption of psychometric test and other counselling at initial levels, energize industrial policy, review or install employment generation as base in various memorandum of understanding, employment opportunities in government aided private sectors and creation of central digital data base by government. This way employment opportunity can be created and to some extent minimize unemployment problems of the state. Conduct of job fare based on central data base would benefit youths to avail job. The third meeting on Placement Review Committee at Rajiv Gandhi University on 25th July 2018 with Power Point Presentation by Dr.AniTaggu, Assistant Professor, Department of Computer Science and Information Technology, RGU was fully joined by other members from Department of Labour, Industry, Education, Science and Technology, Placement Cell, NERIST Nirjuli and NIT Yupiacame up with pertinent solutions on way to minimize unemployment channelizing through proper institutional and placements.

Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary: A success story of conservation —
Obang Tayeng

Spread over an area of 217 sq km at an altitudinal range from 500 meters to 3500 meters from sea level under Shergaon Forest Division in the West Kameng District of Arunachal Pradesh, Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary is a major centerpiece of nature lovers all over the world. This unique sanctuary in this Himalayan region is also a successful model of joint government and community conservation endevour. This sanctuary which was bifurcated from Pakke Wildlife Sanctuary in 2011 is a cradle of the world’s biodiversity as this is the richest biodiversity hotspot in the world after the Andes in South America.
A birder’s paradise, Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary, is a popular destination for all kinds of nature lovers and tourists who visit the place from October to March every year for study of its rich flora and fauna especially study of birds. Over 700 species of birds are found here. Bugun Liochigla, the only bird that exists in the world, is found in the sanctuary. Besides these, various species of mammals, amphibians and lizards, moths and butterflies and vegetation including many varieties of rhododendrons are found in the region. This is the centerpiece of the Kameng Protected Area Complex covering an area of 3,500 sq km of mostly contiguous forests spread across the two states of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh in five protected areas.
Eaglenest has derived its name from Red Eagle Division, a regiment of Indian Army which used to operate in the region in the 1950’s. A road known as Chacku Foothill Tenga (CFT Road) runs through the sanctuary from Ramalingam , at a distance of 8km from Tenga to kamengbari In Assam-Arunachal border . The 14th Dalai Lama used this tract to travel from Tibet to the plains of Assam in 1959 and stayed at a site, called Sharua, at an elevation of 2500 mts ASL inside the Bugun community forest land. To commemorate his legacy, a site known as Lama Camp is set up at the site where tented accommodation facilities are offered to tourists by local tour operators.
Discovery of Bugun Liochichla:
This unique sanctuary gained more prominence in 2006 with the rare discovery of Bugun Liochichla, a rare bird by Dr Ramana Athreya, an ornithologist and Head and co-ordinator, Biodiversity Research and Conservation, in the area. Dr Athreya started working here since 2003 by involving the local community members. This species of bird is found only here in the entire world. The locals don’t have its name as they have not seen this bird in the past, informed Indi Glow, the head of Singchung Community Reserve Forest.
Dr Ramana began to involve the local Bugun communities in his study of the bird and motivated them to conserve the wildlife in the area since 2003. This discovery of Bugun Liochichla was described as the most sensational ornithological discovery in India during the last fifty years for which he was awarded several prizes including Pakhishree Award and Whitley Award for his endevour in conservation and motivation of local communities. He inspired local youths including Indi Glow, presently a leader of an NGO called Singchung Bugun Community Reserve Forest, on the importance of conservation.
Turning Point:
With the involvement of the locals by Dr Ramana Athreya in study of birds and subsequent discovery of Bugun Liochichla, some of local Bugun community members began to realize the importance of conservation of nature.
Ramana Athreya maintains that communities need to be made integral part of conservation effort. According to him, in Arunachal Pradesh, “Conservation largely operates in a knowledge vacuum. The management of wildlife sanctuaries is based on few data and with virtually no inputs from the communities who impact them most.” He believes that along with conservation, economic benefits should also be given to the communities.
At this point, the Divisional Forest Officer of Rupa Forest Division, Mr Millo Tassar, a young and energetic officer, began to motivate them further. After a series of discussions and meetings with the locals, he finally convinced them to involve actively in conservation process in a tract of community forest measuring about 17 sq km which is contiguous to the Eaglenest Wildlife sanctuary.
Presently this forest area is effectively managed by their NGO, called Singchung Community Reserve Forest. This NGO organizes awareness camps on conservation, which includes training on bird watching, snake handling and cleaning of plastics and other environmentally harmful objects used by visitors in the area.
When quizzed about the new development, India Glow, their leader, said, “It was Dr Ramana Athreya who first inspired us and involved some of us in his study of birds. Then DFO Millo Tassar came and advised us to participate in the conservation process. With his support and initiative, this Bugun Community Reserve Forest came up.”
The Buguns who were till recently hunters like many co-tribes of the state have now completely given up hunting and turned preservers of wildlife. According to Indi Glow, the transformation is in the interest of the locals as many of them have been absorbed in patrolling jobs, as tour guides and tour operators. Also their NGO receives monetary grants from both national and international environmental agencies.
Indi Glow, a sincere and dedicated youth in his thirties has further plans to upgrade the present infrastructure for tourists at the Lama Camp where they have set up an office. Since the site is devoid of electricity and proper lodging facilities, installation of solar lighting system and better lodging infrastructure is of utmost importance, he says. “Food is a problem here because we can’t install refrigerators because of lack of electricity. Otherwise, visitors love this place immensely,” he adds.
This successful eco-tourism model has be a great eye-opener for many.
Furthering the concept:
There are a few wildlife sanctuaries in Arunachal Pradesh which are of equal importance from conservation point of view. Prominent among them are Pakke Tiger Project, D. Ering Wildlife Sanctuary and Miao National Park all of which are immensely rich in wildlife resources. If a cue can be taken from the from Eaglenest story by making the concerned community members active partners in the entire conservation process, the results can be amazing. A sense of responsibility and integration of the communities with the entire system of eco-management can bring about a positive change in the way conservation processes are usually managed.